The allergy specialist prepares an allergy assessment, identifies the allergy or allergies involved and the severity of the allergy in order to offer the patient the most suitable treatment. The allergy specialist will request details of the symptoms, the circumstances in which they are triggered, the speed of their onset, personal and family allergy history, and the patient’s environment and lifestyle.
Following the consultation and a general medical examination, the skin test enables the immediate identification of the allergens in question. The skin test involves injecting a drop of allergen extracts under the skin. During the consultation, the doctor tests several suspected allergens. Results are seen after 20 minutes: a hypersensitive reaction causes the skin to redden, accompanied by itching and slight swelling. This technique is fast and painless.
If the results of the skin test cannot be interpreted or are inconsistent, the allergy specialist may perform a blood test (“to look for specific immunoglobulins”), which will unequivocally identify the allergen in question.
If the patient suffers from breathing difficulties or wheezing, the doctor may carry out a “pulmonary function test”, in order to diagnose allergic asthma.
For more in depth, and helpful information, please visit our dedicated website on respiratory allergy.